Category Archives: Windows

Join A Client To A Domain Controller

To join the domain controller, the client needs to set the DNS information to the DNS Server. We can configure the DNS information at Network Setting.

Below are the settings.

After the configuration is done, open My Computer > Right Click > Properties.

The Workgroup Section the default value. Click on Change Settings.

Click Change.

Select the Domain and enter the Domain Controller you want to join. Click OK.

Enter the administrator username and password. Click OK.

Below show the client is successfully joined the hadiyahyalab domain. Click OK.

The client is request for reboot. Make sure close all the application and save any open document. Click OK.

Click Close.

Click Restart Now.

Wait until the restart complete.

At login screen, select Other user. Enter the username with <Domain Name>\<Username>. Enter the Password and Hit Enter.

Now, the client able to login into the domain environment. Below show the domain setting.

Below show that the client is registered at Computer under hadiyahyalab domain. This view is from Domain Controller Active Directory Users and Computers Tools.

Windows Firewall Inbound and Outbound for NetVault Backup Communication

I need to configure inbound and outbound for NetVault Backup Communication. Since backup required number of ports for communication, I will create firewall rules on Windows Firewall for client and backup server.

For client firewall rules, I will allow all ports but limit to the Remote IP (Destination IP) which is the backup server on client. This to make sure only backup server is allow to used all the ports for backup and restore activity.

Fore backup server firewall rules, I will allow all ports but limit to the Remote IP (Destination IP) by using IP Segment ( This will covered all the communication from all the client in that segment.

Note: Disable the Windows Firewall is not recommended.


  • From Start Menu, type firewall and click on Windows Firewall with Advanced Security.
  • At Inbound Rules, click New Rule…
  • Select the Port and click Next.
  • Select TCP and All local ports. Click Next.
  • Select Allow the connection and click Next.
  • Click Next.
  • Enter the Name and click Finish.
  • After the rules created, right click on it and click Properties.
  • Click on Scope and enter the Remote IP address of the backup server.
  • Click Apply and OK.
  • Repeat the process for Inbound UDP, Outbound TCP and Outbound UDP on client and backup server.
  • Make sure the Remote IP address is point to the NetVault Backup Server.
  • Below show the Inbound Rules created on client.
  • Below show the Outbound Rules created on client.
  • Below show the Inbound Rules created on backup server.
  • Below show the Outbound Rules created on backup server.

Clean Up Clone Windows Using SYSPREP

Before the clone VM with Windows Operating System can be use, it need to be “generalized”. SYSPREP (System Preparation Tool) is a tools from Microsoft.


  • Open the Run, type sysprep and hit Enter.
  • Double the sysprep application.
  • Select as below and click OK.
  • Wait for the reboot process.
  • Complete the information require during this setup.
  • Click Accept.
  • Set the password and click Finish.
  • The guest operating system is ready to use.

By using the VMware Clone Feature and Windows Tool Sysprep the VM creation and OS installation time can be save.