Update and upgrade activities are to ensure the system received latest security and bug fixes either for operating system or application.
In this post, I will show how to perform and update and upgrade using command line.
Here the steps:
Click the menu at the bottom and at type terminal at the search box.
Click on Terminal.
Before that update/upgrade, record the details of the version and release.
To get those information use command below:
To get check the update, type below command
sudo apt update
Once the checking complete. You will see the number of packages can be upgraded.
To upgrade the software use command below:
sudo apt full-upgrade
The full-upgrade ensure that any-dependencies that needed will be installed, even if major changes are needed. You can also use the option upgrade even isn’t as smart as full-upgrade, but it might be a better choice on a production server because upgrade does not make major changes to software installations.
Below show the upgrade process is complete.
I run again the below command to check any changes on the version of operating system.
After verified, there is not changes after the full-ugprade action.
Ubuntu is an operating system based on the Linux kernel. Ubuntu released its first version in October 2004. Ubuntu itself is based on Debian. In this post, I will show on how to install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.
In this post, I will share on how to create a new domain user. Normally when a new user joining the company, they will provided a username and password to login into the domain environment. This allow user to use that system or application of that company. Beside that company can monitor all the user activity in the domain environment.
Here the steps for create a new domain user:
Open Active Directory Users and Computers.
Expand the hadiyahyalab.com and select User.
Right Click > New > User
Complete the details required and click Next.
Complete the password section and select the parameter if needed.
The user is created. Click Finish.
Go to any joined computer in the domain and login with new user.
Filesystem backup is a most basic protection level for every system. With filesystem backup I can select particular folder or file to be backup. For restore, I can choose particular folder or file to restore.
If user reported the folder or file is missing or corrupted from the system, administrator can restore the specific folder or file as per request. This will speed up the recovery process where only effected folder or file is restore.
Menu > Jobs > Create Backup Job.
Below show the parameter that need to fill in before I can create a backup job.
Note: For organization, it is good to have backup request form. All the information is fill up by the server/application administrator and submit to the backup administrator. This form is record for organization where the list of selection folder or file to backup and how long the backed up that will be keep in the organization. Time to time the backup list and retention need to review so that it match with the server/application Recovery Time Objective (RTO) and Recovery Point Objective (RPO) and most importantly the folder or file that need for recovery is available during the disaster happen.
At the Job Name,
Enter the Job Name that describe the backup that we want to do.
Example: AD01 Filesystem Backup Weekly Full
At the Selection,
click + icon.
Expand the AD01 > File System > Fixed Drives > C:\
Select the folder or file that need to protect.
In this example I will select folder Users.
Set Name for the selection.
At Plugin Options,
Click + icon.
Backup Method set to Snapshot Based.
Backup Type set to Full.
The rest option I left it as default.
Set Name for the Plugin Options.
At Schedule Options, I set the value is Immediate.
Target Media By – Media in group. Set the label to VTL.
Reuse Media – With the same group label as target media.
Media Request Timeout – 30 Minutes.
Note: Media Options is important part because in this section I can categorize the tape from VTL for specific group. Example I have tape group for file system, database or application. This will split the content of the tape. Since I have limited tape, I just group it as VTL.
Note: Media Request Timeout is a amount of time for backup job waits for the backup media. If the media is not available within the specified interval, the job is automatically aborted.
At Advanced Options, I use the Default Advanced Backup Options. By default, the backed up data will no discard.
Review the Backup Job and click Save & Submit. The backup job will run the backup process immediate (base on schedule option).
Check on Backup Job Status. Menu > Monitoring > Job Status.
Below show the backup is complete with 148.44 MiB (155.65 MB) data.
Cool! The file system backup job created and tested running fine.
I need to configure inbound and outbound for NetVault Backup Communication. Since backup required number of ports for communication, I will create firewall rules on Windows Firewall for client and backup server.
For client firewall rules, I will allow all ports but limit to the Remote IP (Destination IP) which is the backup server on client. This to make sure only backup server is allow to used all the ports for backup and restore activity.
Fore backup server firewall rules, I will allow all ports but limit to the Remote IP (Destination IP) by using IP Segment (192.168.0.0/24). This will covered all the communication from all the client in that segment.
Note: Disable the Windows Firewall is not recommended.
From Start Menu, type firewall and click on Windows Firewall with Advanced Security.
At Inbound Rules, click New Rule…
Select the Port and click Next.
Select TCP and All local ports. Click Next.
Select Allow the connection and click Next.
Enter the Name and click Finish.
After the rules created, right click on it and click Properties.
Click on Scope and enter the Remote IP address of the backup server.
Click Apply and OK.
Repeat the process for Inbound UDP, Outbound TCP and Outbound UDP on client and backup server.
Make sure the Remote IP address is point to the NetVault Backup Server.
Below show the Inbound Rules created on client.
Below show the Outbound Rules created on client.
Below show the Inbound Rules created on backup server.
Below show the Outbound Rules created on backup server.
Every NetVault Client have its own security. By default the security is Enable. In order to at the NetVault Client to the NetVault Backup Server I can either disable the security or enter the password for NetVault Client which is I didn’t set the password during the installation.
Run the CMD as Administrator.
change the directory to the NetVault Installation path and hit Enter.
In the previous post, I share how to install the NetVault Backup Server and create a media target called Virtual Tape Library (VTL). I will protect the Domain Controller that I already created. Before I can backup the target client, I need to install the NetVault Client.